Mergers and acquisitions activity in the agri-food and beverage sector in 2020 (II):
The fruit and vegetable sector, together with the meat sector which we reviewed in our previous article, has had a leading role in the acquisition activity in 2020.
Broadly speaking, we can say that it sold € 10.4 B in 2019, of which 40% were fresh fruits, 48% fresh vegetables and mushrooms and the rest processed products. 80% of the volume is in the hands of companies located on the Valencian, Murcia and Almeria coastlines.
Furthermore, in 2020, home consumption of fruits and vegetables increased by 11% in volume and 19% in value as a result of the change in habits during the confinement phases.
The foods most in demand respond to our consumption habits: omelette, stir-fry and salad, in this order. Thus, the most produced are potatoes, tomatoes, onions and peppers and then lettuce and carrots, with variations depending on whether we are talking about amount or volume.
It is eminently an exporting sector, which concentrates 9% of the volume of world exports, being the world's leading exporter, with 10 M tons of food annually. Its main destinations are Germany, France and the United Kingdom. It can be said that Spain is the vegetable garden of Europe.
From an international point of view, Spain accounts for 24.4% of European fruit sales and almost a third of vegetables. Italy and France follow by far. And also at the level of cultivation surface, in fruits it represents up to 40% of the total surface of Europe.
Concentrated in a few companies, the top 5 groups invoiced around € 3 B, 30% of the sector, of which almost 2 B went to export. Thus, AM Fresch sold € 868 million, Anecoop € 713 million, Citri & Co € 471 million, Eurobanan € 470 million and San Lúcar € 440 million. In this business structure we only find 37 companies with more than 200 employees and only 14 really large ones, with more than 500 employees.
A sector with a reasonable added value: value added at factor cost versus sales, an indicator that gives an idea of the manufacturing cost, which is 18%, lower than that of pasta (32%) or beverages (25 %), similar to that of dairy products and higher than that of the meat industry (17%), fish (15%), starches and flours (12.5%) and fats (8%).
These data give us an idea of how attractive the companies in this sector are for venture capital funds: pan-European, countercyclical activity, possibility of becoming world leaders through add-ons, existence of natural entry barriers such as land and climate, with potential of improvement and growth, possible automation, new crops, new ranges and a remarkable cash generation capacity, in which investments in CAPEX have relatively fast returns. A great fishing ground for fund money.
Given the above, it is not surprising that, despite Covid, 8 notable operations have been registered, with all the companies acquired adding up to a total sales of € 408 million:
Thus, 2021 is also expected to be busy year in this sector.
The return to local consumption and insourcing are general trends that some European governments will encourage in their countries due to their rapid conversion to votes. These would put at risk part of the exports of this sector so focused on the foreign markets, although it should not happen while Spain has wage costs all in to 60% of those of the importing countries.
The question raised is whether we are really going to a market with few world leaders, mega-companies of high volume, as in the beverage or meat sectors, in which case it would make a lot of sense for local funds to make their investees large for an exit towards a fund in the upper scale of target. Or this escalation will slow down and the influence of post-Covid governments (Brexit included) will lead to medium-sized players in each country, chaos in which the exit would not be so obvious or profitable.
In any case, the foregoing suggests that Spanish funds bet on future acquisitions defensively and proactively for diversification, for 0 km companies, for artisanal, eco-friendly and that they make add-ons that incorporate R&D and improvement of processes in the acquiring company.
But the funds are going to find stiff competition to get the deal: the dry powder of the Spanish mid-market funds for investments in the peninsula is estimated at € 5 B, to which it must also be added the investment appetite of family offices, the money available from companies in the sector not related to venture capital, hybrid credit institutions and above all and increasingly, the dry powder of global international funds that decide to focus on Spain.
And with these figures and market shares, we are going to start seeing exist form the owners of the companies towards the big world operators and the big funds.